Toronto: HarperCollins.


In E. Morgan and especially Tylor however, occasionally believed it was necessary to introduce the concept of "diffusion," or spread of characteristics of culture across different cultures, suggesting that these characteristics can develop independently, but also converge, and the same people could move through "stages" of development through borrowing from other. Erdmann & W. Additionally, because it was believed that all humans had the same psychological perspective or that something referred to as "human character" is universal, anthropology was unable to recognize the reality that the same cultural attribute can mean different things dependent on the society which it’s found. Hasberg (Eds. ), Facing–Mapping–Bridghing Diversity.

Marxism and collectors. Foundation of a European Discourse on History Education , Pt. Then in the second period of the 19th century an alternative form of evolutionism emerged and was developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. I (pp.

11-26). In part, it was in opposition to the concept of anthropological evolution (Marx’s Critique of Political Economy is dated from 1859) but also a bit akin to it (Engels the most influential work came out shortly after Morgan’s Ancient Society and used the theory) In the end, the Marxist theory focused on the causes that led to human evolution. Schwalbach: Wochenschau Verlag. The definition of a society was based on its production method that was the basis on which its political, legal, and ideological superstructures believed to be on. Francois, E., & Schulze, H. (Eds.). (2001). The superstructures were still in existence when the method of production was altered; and in the subsequent war this contradiction was the catalyst for opening the way for an entirely new kind of society. Deutsche Erinnerungsorte I [German Sites of Memory I] . A number of anthropologists have taken Marxist study into account however, if just to preserve its historical viewpoint and to disbelieve in its economic predeterminism.

Munchen: C.H. The same time period and especially towards the end to the end of the 19th century, the stories of missionaries and traders, and traveller adventurers were filled with various information. Beck. It was included in works such like Sir James Frazer’s Golden Bough (1890) and Ernest Crawley’s Mystic Rose (1902).

Gadamer, H.-G. (1987). the problem of historical Consciousness. in P. These comprehensive collections of traditions, magic and religious practices and other interesting information were read with enthusiasm by the intellectual community. the theories that went with these collections were equally admired by anthropologists who believed in evolutionary thinking, as the theories were designed to provide an evolutionary pattern of spiritual, magical and scientific thinking using the information as proof. Rabinow & W. 20th-century trends. M. In the early 20th century, several cultural anthropologists were already beginning to move towards what could be described as a more multi-cultural view. The Sullivan (Eds. ), Interpretive Social Science: A Second View (pp. 82-140). In order to account for the diverse nature of people and cultures, as well as the growing diversity that differentiated them, they advocated that we take the whole of the situations of each human group to be considered by looking at all aspects of its history, its interactions which it’s made with other groups as well as the favorable or negative circumstances that influenced its growth. Berkeley: University of California Press.

This kind of viewpoint stood out by its strong relativity: each culture was an original, unique development that was influenced to a large extent by its social and its geographical surroundings and the way it used and improved the cultural material that was brought to it from neighbors or other people (through "diffusion") and by its own ingenuity (through "invention" or "adaptation"). Granatstein, J. Distance degree programs designed for Adults and professionals. L. (1998). Art History Online – Bachelor’s Master’s Degree, Master’s Degree, Doctor Ph.D. Who killed Canadian History?

Toronto: HarperCollins. Degree. Grever, M. (1998). Faculty of Arts & Humanities by distance learning. Opvattingen en misvattingen over het geschiedenisonderwijs (Views and Errors About History Education).

Art History via distance learning. In P. den Boer & G. Art history examines the history of art from the first cave paintings up to the contemporary art of the present. W. It encompasses the Western tradition as well as the culture from those of the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, Africa as well as in the Pacific Islands, and the Americas. Muller (Eds. ), Geschiedenis op school.

It combines experience and knowledge to bring clarity to the myriad of names, times, and styles that are all around us. Zes voordrachten over het geschiedenisonderwijs. "History at School. Examining the visual art from a psychological angle we can think of the art’s history as a constant weaving and shifting of cultures. The Six Papers on History Education ] (pp. 27-48).

Each artwork is linked to the past while pointing to the future. Amsterdam: Publications KNAW. A living chain connecting our present to that of the Pyramid age.

Grever, M. (2009). Academic Supervisor: Mohammed Said Belkassem More information on this academic supervisor on Bircham University Human Network. Afraid of Plurality.

More information. Historical Culture and Historiographical Canonization in Western Europe. Art History Online via distance learning. The book is A. Specialist Master’s degree, Bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree Doctorate Art History.

Epple & A. This program is available to Specialist, Expert Master’s, Bachelor’s and Ph.D. (Doctor) Degree programs. Schaser (Eds. ), Gendering Historiography: Beyond National Canons (pp. 45-62).

The academic program is designed for been the graduate level (Master’s or Doctoral). Frankfurt/New York: Campus Verlag. The program can be altered to meet the requirements for Specialist Diploma, Specialist, Expert Diploma and Bachelor’s degree. Grever, M. (2012).

Another option is enrolling in each of the courses offered within this module of specialization. The dilemmas that are a part of Common as well as Plural History. This course can be taken in conjunction or in conjunction with other modules offered by this faculty.

A reflection upon History Education and Heritage in the Globalizing world. Examples include Advertising Creativity, Architecture and Architectural Design – Art Therapy – Artistic Design – Creative Arts – Creative Writing – Interior Design – Landscape Architecture – Multimedia Design – the performing Arts – Sustainable Architecture . In M. Specialist – Expert Diploma – Art History Online Tuition Fee: 1.050 Euros (1.350 US$) . 1.470 Euros (1.890 US$). Carretero, M. Specialist – Expert Diploma Online: 15 . 21 academic credits needed for this online learning degree program. Asensio, & M. More information. Rodriguez-Moneo (Eds. ), History Education and the Construction of National Identities (pp.

75-91). Composition: Art History via distance learning = 33 academic credits. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Select 5 courses to receive the diploma online of Specialist or 7 courses to earn The Expert diploma from the entire list of courses offered by this specialization component. Grever, M., De Bruijn, P., & Van Boxtel, C. (2012). Bachelor’s Degree – Art History Online Tuition Fee Minimum. 3.510 Euros (4.420 US$) . Negotiating the historical distance. Max.

6.800 Euros (8.700 US$). Or, How to deal in History as a Past as a foreign country for Heritage-based Education. The Bachelor’s Degree online is 130 academic credits are required for this degree program. Paedagogica Historica, 48 , 873-887.

More details. Grever, M., & Stuurman, S. (Eds.). (2007). The composition: Art History via distance learning = 33 academic credits and 40 credits in general education (may have been transferred to previous educational and work knowledge) Further courses could be chosen from different modules of the Faculty of Arts & Humanities from Bircham International University if required. Beyond the Canon.

The choice has to be approved by the Distance Learning University Education Board. A History of the Twenty-First Century . For instance: World History. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Master’s Degree – Art History Online Tuition Fee minimum. 4.680 Euros (6.120 US$) . Grever, M., & van Boxtel, C. (2014). Max.

7.020 Euros (9.180 US$). Verlangen naar tastbaar verleden. Master’s Degree Online: 36 . 54 Academic credits are required to complete this degree through distance learning. Erfgoed, onderwijs en historisch besef [Longing for Tangible Pasts. More details. History, Education and Historical ConsciousnessThe Historical Consciousness of Erfgoed, Onderwijs . The Composition course: Art History via distance learning = 33 academic credits.

Hilversum: Verloren. Additional courses could be selected from different courses offered by the Faculty of Arts & Humanities from Bircham International University if required. Guha, R. (2003). This choice has to be accepted by the Distance Learning University Education Board.

History at the Limits of World-History . Examples: World History. + 13 academic credit (Research methodology and final thesis or project. New York: Columbia University Press. More information. ). Halbwachs, M. (1980). Doctor Ph.D.

The Collective Memory . Degree Doctor Ph.D. New York: Harper & Row Colophon Books. Degree Art History Online Tuition Fee minimum. 5.850 Euros (7.650 US$) . Halbwachs, M. (1992). Max.

9.360 Euros (12.240 US$). The concept of Collective Memory . Doctor Ph.D. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Degree Online Degree: 45 . 72 academic credits are required to complete this degree through distance learning.

Hartog, F. (2015). More information. Strategies of Historicity.

The Composition course: Art History via distance learning = 33 academic credits.


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